Disputes regarding the ethics of work by children have intensified in recent years, with little resolution. The impasses stem from failure to recognize the diverse forms of child work and a lack of empirical research regarding its causes and consequences. We report on data gathered in Brazil's export-oriented shoe industry, which is notorious for the employment of children.
French, J. L. and Wokutch, R. E. 2005. Child workers, globalization and international business ethics: A case study in Brazil’s export-oriented shoe industry. Business Ethics Quarterly, 15(4): 615-640.
This article reports on international labor standards and the efforts by the international business community to address the problems of poor working conditions and child labor abuse. The article focuses on the question of whether anti-sweatshop activism actually helps or hurts poor laborers in developing nations as some economists argue that sweatshops actually alleviate the living conditions of the poor.
A personal narrative is presented which explores the author's experience as Timberland Company's chief executive officer at a time when the Greenpeace International organization's activists were pressuring Timberland's Brazilian supplier.
What should managers working abroad do when they encounter business practices that seem unethical? Should they, in the spirit of cultural relativism, tell themselves to do in Rome as the Romans do? Or should they take an absolutist approach, using the ethical standards they use at home no matter where they are? According to Thomas Donaldson, the answer lies somewhere in between. Some activities are wrong no matter where they take place.
Focuses on business ethics in light of April 2000 protests by opponents of globalization. Ethics and profit; United States incentives, including law, nongovernmental organizations and the media; Impact of 1995 decisions on Shell's reputation; Business ethics as a consultancy industry; Ethics and personnel management; Conflicts of interest; Environmental standards; Bribery and corruption; Human rights; Ethical investors.
Doing Well by Doing Good. The Economist, 4/22/2000, Vol. 355, Issue 8167, pg. 65-67